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|Title:||A DNA pooling-based case-control study of myopia candidate genes COL11A1, COL18A1, FBN1, and PLOD1 in a Chinese population|
Fung, Wai Yan
Ng, Po Wah
Sham, Pak Chung
Yap, Keng-hung Maurice
|Subjects:||Collagen type 11|
Collagen type 11 alpha 1
Procollagen lysine 2 oxoglutarate 5 dioxygenase
Procollagen lysine 2 oxoglutarate 5 dioxygenase 1
Case control study
High performance liquid chromatography
Major clinical study
Single nucleotide polymorphism
|Source:||Molecular vision, 26 Mar. 2011, v. 17, p. 810-821.|
|Abstract:||Purpose: We examined the relationship between high myopia and common polymorphisms in four candidate genes: collagen, type XI, alpha 1 (COL11A1); collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1 (COL18A1); fibrillin 1 (FBN1); and procollagen-lysine 1,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 1 (PLOD1). These genes were selected because rare pathogenic mutations in these genes cause disease syndromes that have myopia, usually high myopia, as one of the common presenting features.|
Methods: This study recruited 600 unrelated Han Chinese subjects including 300 cases with high myopia (spherical equivalent or SE≤-8.00 diopters) and 300 controls (SE within ±1.00 diopter). A total of 66 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected for study from these four candidate genes. The study adopted a DNA pooling strategy with an initial screen of DNA pools to identify putatively positive SNPs and then confirmed the “positive” SNPs by genotyping individual samples forming the original DNA pools. DNA pools were each constructed by mixing equal amounts of DNA from 50 individuals with the same phenotype status. Six case pools were prepared from 300 cases and six control pools from 300 controls. Allele frequencies of DNA pools were estimated by analyzing the primer-extended products with denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and compared between case pools and control pools with nested ANOVA.
Results: In the first stage, 60 SNPs from the 4 candidate genes were successfully screened using the DNA pooling approach. Of these, 6 SNPs showed a statistical significant difference in estimated allele frequencies between case pools and controls at p<0.10. In the second stage, these “positive” SNPs were followed up by individual genotyping, but failed to be confirmed via standard single-marker and haplotype analyses.
Conclusions: Common polymorphisms in these four candidate genes (COL11A1, COL18A1, FBN1 and PLOD1) were unlikely to play important roles in the genetic susceptibility to high myopia.
|Rights:||© 2011 Molecular Vision. Reproduced with permission of the publisher.|
|Appears in Collections:||HTI Journal/Magazine Articles|
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