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|Title: ||Mechanism of bending electrostriction in thermoplastic polyurethane|
|Authors: ||Zhou, Yan|
Shin, Franklin G.
|Subjects: ||Polymer films|
|Issue Date: ||1-Jul-2004 |
|Publisher: ||American Institute of Physics|
|Citation: ||Journal of applied physics, 1 July 2004, v. 96, no. 1, p. 294-299.|
|Abstract: ||The mechanism of bending electrostriction in polyurethane films is discussed and elucidated through a numerical calculation. The simulations are carried out on a model in which charge carriers are assumed to be electrons injected from the cathode by the Schottky effect, and the positive charges are immobile. Under a dc field, our simulation results show that the electrons go out of the anode, leaving behind a large quantity of positive charge around the anode. As a result, the electric field near the anode eventually becomes much larger than that near the cathode. The asymmetrical
electric field distribution leads to an asymmetrical stress distribution through the electrostriction effect and thus to bending of the polyurethane film under the application of a dc electric field. The
results can also explain the gradual change in bending direction after reversing the polarity of the electric field.|
|Description: ||DOI: 10.1063/1.1760837|
|Rights: ||© 2004 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Y. Zhou, Y. W. Wong & F. G. Shin, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 294 (2004) and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?jap/96/294.|
|Type: ||Journal/Magazine Article|
|ISSN: ||0021-8979 (print)|
|Appears in Collections:||AP Journal/Magazine Articles|
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