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Title: Mechanism of bending electrostriction in thermoplastic polyurethane
Authors: Zhou, Yan
Wong, Yuen-wah
Shin, Franklin G.
Subjects: Polymer films
Schottky effect
Carrier mobility
Numerical analysis
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2004
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Journal of applied physics, 1 July 2004, v. 96, no. 1, p. 294-299.
Abstract: The mechanism of bending electrostriction in polyurethane films is discussed and elucidated through a numerical calculation. The simulations are carried out on a model in which charge carriers are assumed to be electrons injected from the cathode by the Schottky effect, and the positive charges are immobile. Under a dc field, our simulation results show that the electrons go out of the anode, leaving behind a large quantity of positive charge around the anode. As a result, the electric field near the anode eventually becomes much larger than that near the cathode. The asymmetrical electric field distribution leads to an asymmetrical stress distribution through the electrostriction effect and thus to bending of the polyurethane film under the application of a dc electric field. The results can also explain the gradual change in bending direction after reversing the polarity of the electric field.
Rights: © 2004 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Y. Zhou, Y. W. Wong & F. G. Shin, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 294 (2004) and may be found at
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
DOI: 10.1063/1.1760837
ISSN: 0021-8979 (print)
1089-7550 (online)
Appears in Collections:AP Journal/Magazine Articles

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