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|Title: ||政治理想与现实冲突 : 女领导干部生命故事研究 = Conflict between political idea and reality : the life story of female leadership in PRC|
|Authors: ||Yang, Jing (杨静)|
|Subjects: ||Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations|
Women politicians -- China
|Issue Date: ||2009 |
|Publisher: ||The Hong Kong Polytechnic University|
|Abstract: ||自49 年至今,中国实行“男女平等”的政策已经60 年了，但妇女参政率自80 年代以来处于低谷的状态却从根本上无法改观,女领导干部没有整体出现为妇女参政的主体意识。本研究的目的正是为了寻找上述的答案而展开的。本研究通过对以往国内外妇女参政研究的文献回顾，提出采用女性主义、批判理论的立场，结合后结构主义的一些主张，用女性主义/建构主义的范式下的解释性互动论研究方法，重点对9 位与新中国同步成长的女领导干部进行生命故事、以及将我个人20 年来因工作原因和她们深入交流、了解她们的经验作为研究的基础进行了研究。本研究的是结论：无论80 年代前国家主导的论述、或者之后国家和市场以及其他主导的论述下，女领导干部
This study starts at understanding the reasons of low women political participation rate since the 1980s in the context of discourse of "gender equality", which has been established for 60 years in the socialist Chinese mainland. After reviewing the Chinese and English literatures on women political participation, I decide to adopt the integrative approach of feminism, critical theory and post-structuralism to study the life stories of 9 female leaders in socialist Chinese mainland. In the past twenty years, I had chances to participate in the female leaders training program as the trainers. Based on the in-depth interview with the female leaders and the participant observation in the training class, I would like to answer the following questions: how did the female leaders' awareness of political participation emerge and form their political subjectivity in different stage of their life? How to understand their agency in the process of their political participation? My conclusion is that the female leaders have different sort of subjectivities and views of political participation in different stage of their life. However they have never ever had the view of serving for the women via political participation. I argue that dominant discourse could not shape the political subjectivity of the female leaders and their political identity. Besides, I also find that even though the female leaders had obtained high position in political hierarchy, they still experienced the discrimination and exclusion in political arena. They found it very difficult to actualize the ideal of political participation for women and fulfill their political responsibility. In this difficult situation, there were no collective actions or movements against the exclusion of women's political right. However, the National Women Federation still played the "rightful resistance" and the female leaders also adopted the strategy of "everyday forms of resistance" in defending their political right. In the process, we can discover that they are active agents rather than the passive dominated objects.
|Degree: ||Ph.D., Dept. of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2009|
|Description: ||228 p. ; 30 cm.|
PolyU Library Call No.: [THS] LG51 .H577P APSS 2009 Yang
|Rights: ||All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||APSS Theses|
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