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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/248

Title: Extraction and optimization of B-spline PBD templates for recognition of connected handwritten digit strings
Authors: Lu, Zhongkang
Chi, Zheru George
Siu, Wan-chi
Subjects: Connected handwritten digit recognition
Pixel-to-boundary distance map
B-spline fitting
Digit templates
Template optimization
Nearest neighbor classifier
Multilayer perceptron
Evolutionary algorithm
Issue Date: Jan-2002
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE Transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, Jan. 2002, v. 24, no. 1, p. 132-139.
Abstract: Recognition of connected handwritten digit strings is a challenging task due mainly to two problems: poor character segmentation and unreliable isolated character recognition. In this paper, we first present a rational B-spline representation of digit templates based on Pixel-to-boundary Distance (PBD) maps. We then present a neural network approach to extract B-spline PBD templates and an evolutionary algorithm to optimize these templates. In total, 1,000 templates (100 templates for each of 10 classes) were extracted from and optimized on 10,426 training samples from the NIST Special Database 3. By using these templates, a nearest neighbor classifier can successfully reject 90.7 percent of nondigit patterns while achieving a 96.4 percent correct classification of isolated test digits. When our classifier is applied to the recognition of 4,958 connected handwritten digit strings (4,555 2-digit, 355 3-digit, and 48 4-digit strings) from the NIST Special Database 3 with a dynamic programming approach, it has a correct classification rate of 82.4 percent with a rejection rate of as low as 0.85 percent. Our classifier compares favorably in terms of correct classification rate and robustness with other classifiers that are tested.
Rights: © 2002 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/248
ISSN: 01628828
Appears in Collections:EIE Journal/Magazine Articles

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