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Title: The enhancement of TiO₂photocatalytic activity by hydrogen thermal treatment
Authors: Liu, Hong
Ma, H. T.
Li, Xiang-zhong
Li, W. Z.
Wu, M.
Bao, X. H.
Subjects: Photocatalysis
Titanium dioxide
Hydrogen treatment
Issue Date: Jan-2003
Publisher: Pergamon (Elsevier)
Source: Chemosphere, Jan. 2003, v. 50, no. 1, p. 39-46.
Abstract: In this study, conventional TiO₂powder was heated in hydrogen (H₂) gas at a high temperature as pretreatment. The photoactivity of the treated TiO₂samples was evaluated in the photodegradation of sulfosalicylic acid (SSA) in aqueous suspension. The experimental results demonstrated that the photodegradation rates of SSA were significantly enhanced by using the H₂-treated TiO₂catalysts and an optimum temperature for the H₂treatment was found to be of 500–600°C. The in situ electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal intensity of oxygen vacancies (OV) and trivalent titanium (Ti³⁺) associated with the photocatalytic activity was studied. The results proved the presence of OV and Ti³⁺ in the lattice of the H₂-treated TiO₂and indicated that both were contributed to the enhancement of photocatalytic activity. Moreover, the experimental results presented that the EPR signal intensity of OV and Ti³⁺ in the H₂-treated TiO₂samples after 10 months storage was still significant higher than that in the untreated TiO₂catalyst. The experiment also demonstrated that the significant enhancement occurred in the photodegradation of phenol using the H₂-treated TiO₂.
Rights: Chemosphere © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. The journal web site is located at
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00486-1
ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal/Magazine Articles

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