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Title: Inhibition of microbial activity of activated sludge by ammonia in leachate
Authors: Li, Xiang-zhong
Zhao, Q. L.
Subjects: Dehydrogenase
Mixed liquor suspended solids
Specific oxygen uptake rate (SOUR)
Issue Date: Dec-1999
Publisher: Pergamon (Elsevier)
Source: Environment international, Dec. 1999, v. 25, no. 8, p. 961-968.
Abstract: Leachate samples were collected from the West New Territory Landfill (WENT), Hong Kong, and characterized in the laboratory. The analytical results confirmed that it has a typical nature of aged leachate with a low BOD₅COD ratio of 0.22 and a high strength of ammonia-nitrogen around 5 g/L. A lab-scale study was conducted to investigate the inhibition of microbial activity of the activated sludge. In the first test, glucose-based synthetic wastewater was used in two parallel reactors. The experimental results demonstrated that COD removal declined from 95.1 to 79.1% and the dehydrogenase activity of the sludge decreased from 11.04 to 4.22 μg TF/mg mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS), when the ammonia-nitrogen concentration increased from 50 mg/L to 800 mg/L progressively. The remaining NH₃⁺-N residue in the treated wastewater increased from 0.58 mg/L to 649 mg/L extensively. In the second test, mixed wastewater samples containing glucose and raw leachate were fed into six parallel biological reactors and operated on batch mode. The experimental results showed COD removal decreased from 97.7 to 78.1% and the dehydrogenase activity decreased from 9.29 to 4.93 μg triphenyl formazon (TF)/mg MLSS, respectively, when the ammonia-nitrogen concentration increased within the same range. Microbial inhibition could also be substantiated by a decrease of specific oxygen uptake rate (SOUR) from 68 to 45 mg O₂/g MLSS. These results suggested leachate containing high-strength ammonia-nitrogen should bepretreated to an acceptable NH₄⁺-N level before it is fed into biological reactors.
Rights: Environment lnternational © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. The journal web site is located at
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
DOI: 10.1016/S0160-4120(99)00068-9
ISSN: 0160-4120
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal/Magazine Articles

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