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Title: Photocatalytic activity of neodymium ion doped TiO₂for 2- Mercaptobenzothiazole degradation under visible light irradiation
Authors: Li, Fang-bai
Li, Xiang-zhong
Cheah, K. W.
Subjects: Neodymium
Titanium dioxide
Visible light
Water treatment
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Source: Environmental chemistry, 2005, v. 2, no. 2, p. 130-137.
Abstract: A series of neodymium ion-doped titanium dioxide (Nd³⁺-TiO₂) catalysts were prepared by means of a sol-gel method. The physical and chemical properties of the catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) N₂ sorbtion method, UV-visible diffusive reflective spectroscopy (DRS), and photoluminescence (PL) analyses. The adsorption behaviour and photocatalytic activity of Nd³⁺-TiO₂under visible light irradiation were evaluated for aqueous 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) solution. The analytical results of XRD and BET demonstrate that the neodymium ion doping could reduce the crystallite size and increase the specific surface area of TiO₂catalysts. The analytical results of DRS show that Nd³⁺ doping did not shift the main absorption band edge significantly, but some new absorption peaks attributable to 4f internal electron transition existed in the visible region. It was further confirmed that significant PL emission occurred in the visible range of 350-700 nm, attributable to the electron transfer between Nd³⁺ and TiO₂ owing to introduction of a Nd 4f level. The experimental results of adsorption isotherm tests demonstrate that both the saturated adsorption amount (Γmax) and adsorption equilibrium constant (K[sub a]) of Nd³⁺-TiO₂ catalysts increased significantly with the increased Nd³⁺ dosage. Furthermore, the Nd³⁺-TiO₂catalysts demonstrated significant activity towards photocatalytic degradation of MBT in aqueous solution under visible light irradiation, whereas the TiO₂catalyst did not. An optimal dosage of Nd³⁺ doping was found to be 0.7%. We propose that the introduction of the Nd 4f level plays a crucial role in visible photosensitization and enhancement of the electron-hole separation.
Rights: © CSIRO 2005
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
DOI: 10.1071/EN05008
ISSN: 1448-2517 (print)
1449-8979 (online)
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal/Magazine Articles

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