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Title: Comparison of the degradations of diphenamid by homogeneous photolysis and heterogeneous photocatalysis in aqueous solution
Authors: Liang, Hai-chao
Li, Xiang-zhong
Yang, Yin-hua
Sze, Kong-hung
Subjects: Diphenamid
Issue Date: Jun-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Chemosphere, June 2010, v. 80, no. 4, p. 366-374.
Abstract: In this work, the homogeneous and heterogeneous degradations of diphenamid (DPA) in aqueous solution were conducted by direct photolysis with UVC (254 nm) and by photocatalysis with TiO₂/UVA (350 nm), and the experimental results were compared. It was found that the homogeneous photolysis by UVC irradiation alone was quite efficient to degrade DPA up to 100% after 360 min, but was very inefficient to mineralize its intermediates in terms of dissolved organic carbon reduction of only 8%. In contrast, the heterogeneous photocatalysis with TiO₂/UVA showed relatively a lower degree of DPA degradation (51%), but a higher degree of its mineralization (11%) after 360 min. These results reveal that the photocatalysis process has relatively poor selectivity to degrade different compounds including various intermediates from the DPA degradation, which is beneficial to its mineralization. In addition, over 20 intermediates were identified by LC–MS and ¹H NMR analyses. Based on the identified intermediates, the reaction mechanisms and the detailed pathways of the DPA degradation by photolysis and photocatalysis were proposed, and are presented in this paper.
Rights: Chemosphere © 2010 Elsevier. The journal web site is located at
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.04.054
ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal/Magazine Articles

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