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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/1880

Title: Dynamic image data compression in spatial and temporal domains : theory and algorithm
Authors: Ho, Dino
Feng, D. David
Chen, Kewei
Subjects: Cluster analysis
Functional/parametric imaging
Image compression
Parameter estimation
Positron emission tomography (PET)
Sampling schedule
Issue Date: Dec-1997
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE transactions on information technology in biomedicine, Dec. 1997, v. 1, no. 4, p. 219-228.
Abstract: Advanced medical imaging requires storage of large quantities of digitized clinical data. These data must be stored in such a way that their retrieval does not impair the clinician’s ability to make a diagnosis. In this paper, we propose the theory and algorithm for near (or diagnostically) lossless dynamic image data compression. Taking advantage of domain-specific knowledge related to medical imaging, the medical practice and the dynamic imaging modality, a compression ratio greater than 80 : 1 is achieved. The high compression ratios are achieved by the proposed compression algorithm through three stages: 1) addressing temporal redundancies in the data through application of image optimal sampling, 2) addressing spatial redundancies in the data through cluster analysis, and 3) efficient coding of image data using standard still-image compression techniques.
To illustrate the practicality of the proposed compression algorithm, a simulated positron emission tomography (PET) study using the fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG) tracer is presented. Realistic dynamic image data are generated by "virtual scanning" of a simulated brain phantom as a real PET scanner. These data are processed using the conventional [8] and proposed algorithms as well as the techniques for storage and analysis. The resulting parametric images obtained from the conventional and proposed approaches are subsequently compared to evaluate the proposed compression algorithm. As a result of this study, storage space for dynamic image data is able to be reduced by more than 95%, without loss in diagnostic quality. Therefore, the proposed theory and algorithm are expected to be very useful in medical image database management and telecommunication.
Description: DOI: 10.1109/4233.681164
Rights: © 1997 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/1880
ISSN: 1089–7771
Appears in Collections:EE Journal/Magazine Articles

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