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Title: A comparison of performance of several artificial intelligence methods for forecasting monthly discharge time series
Authors: Wang, Wen-chuan
Chau, Kwok-wing
Cheng, Chuntian
Qiu, Lin
Subjects: Monthly discharge time series forecasting
Autoregressive moving-average (ARMA)
Artificial neural network (ANN)
Adaptive neural-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS)
Genetic programming (GP)
Support vector machine (SVM)
Issue Date: 15-Aug-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of hydrology, 15 Aug. 2009, v. 374, no. 3-4, p. 294-306.
Abstract: Developing a hydrological forecasting model based on past records is crucial to effective hydropower reservoir management and scheduling. Traditionally, time series analysis and modeling is used for building mathematical models to generate hydrologic records in hydrology and water resources. Artificial intelligence (AI), as a branch of computer science, is capable of analyzing long-series and large-scale hydrological data. In recent years, it is one of front issues to apply AI technology to the hydrological forecasting modeling. In this paper, autoregressive moving-average (ARMA) models, artificial neural networks (ANNs) approaches, adaptive neural-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) techniques, genetic programming (GP) models and support vector machine (SVM) method are examined using the long-term observations of monthly river flow discharges. The four quantitative standard statistical performance evaluation measures, the coefficient of correlation (R), Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency coefficient (E), root mean squared error (RMSE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), are employed to evaluate the performances of various models developed. Two case study river sites are also provided to illustrate their respective performances. The results indicate that the best performance can be obtained by ANFIS, GP and SVM, in terms of different evaluation criteria during the training and validation phases.
Rights: Journal of Hydrology © 2009 Elsevier B.V. The journal web site is located at
Type: Journal/Magazine Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.06.019
ISSN: 0022-1694
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal/Magazine Articles

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